Hindu puja rituals can vary based on the deity being worshiped, regional customs, and individual preferences. Here are some common types of Hindu puja rituals:
Aarti: Aarti is a ritual of waving a lit lamp in front of the deity while singing hymns or reciting prayers. It is done to invoke the presence of the divine and offer reverence.
Abhishekam: Abhishekam involves bathing the deity with various sacred substances such as water, milk, yogurt, honey, ghee (clarified butter), and holy water like Ganga jal. It signifies purification, rejuvenation, and offering of devotion.
Archana: Archana is a ritual of offering flowers, leaves, fruits, and other symbolic items to the deity while reciting the names or mantras associated with the deity. It is a way to honor and invoke the divine presence.
Havan/Homa: Havan or homa is a sacred fire ritual in which offerings such as ghee, grains, herbs, and sacred wood are offered into a consecrated fire while chanting Vedic mantras. It is believed to purify the atmosphere and invoke the blessings of the deities.
Mantra Japa: Mantra japa is the repetition of sacred chants or mantras associated with a particular deity. Devotees may use a mala (prayer beads) to count the repetitions and focus their mind on the divine.
Puja with the Five Elements: This type of puja involves offering the five elements - earth (represented by grains or soil), water (for ablution), fire (through a lamp or candle), air (by waving incense), and ether/space (through chanting) - to the deity. It symbolizes the worship of the entire universe and its elemental forces.
Navagraha Puja: Navagraha puja is the worship of the nine celestial bodies or planets in Hindu astrology. It is performed to seek their blessings and mitigate the malefic effects of planetary influences.
These are just a few examples of the diverse puja rituals practiced in Hinduism. The specific rituals and customs can vary based on the deity, occasion, and regional traditions.